Objective: To promote dialogue on government compliance with international commitments.
Uganda has adopted and ratified most of the relevant international human rights treaties. However there are still a number of important instruments that have not been signed or ratified which have a bearing on the protection and promotion of human rights. The challenge of domestication and meeting multiple reporting obligations is clear. Dissemination of concluding observations and effective follow up and implementation of recommendations of treaty bodies still remains a challenge. The FHRI treaty reporting function therefore ensures that State practices are monitored and a dialogue with treaty monitoring bodies is supported.
FHRI produces alternative reports in respect of the following instruments: African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR), International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), the Convention Against Torture (UNCAT) and the UN Human Rights Council – Universal Periodic Review mechanism. Where state party reporting is long overdue or where the report deadline has passed, FHRI will encourage government to meet reporting obligations and raise awareness about the state’s obligation to submit the same.
FHRI works with local and international partners like FIDH East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Network and Human Dignity to produce these reports. Efforts by other actors like the UCRNN, UWONET, NUDIPU, Uganda Reach the Aged Association and Uganda Youth Network to submit reports under other treaty bodies like the Committee on Elimination of Discrimination against Women, Committee on the Rights of the Child and Committee on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities will also be supported.
FHRI together with other actors, encourages ratification and domestication of the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights allowing individual complaints, the 1st and 2nd Optional Protocol to the ICCPR which allows individual complaints and abolition of the death penalty, Optional Protocol to the UNCAT which allows for independent monitors, encourage the government to deposit an instrument of declaration under Article 34 (6) of the Protocol to the ACHPR on the establishment of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights which allows individual and NGO access to the Court and the domestication of the UN Convention Against Torture through the enactment of an Anti- Torture Law.
Follow up of implementation of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) report adopted in March 2011 on Uganda is also a priority. FHRI participates in regular sessions of the Human Rights Council, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, the African Union, the African Court on Human and Peoples Rights, the East African Community and the International Conference of the Great Lakes Region framework